X°s and OHOs of the Ordo Templi Orientis

Ordo Templi Orientis Phenomenon

National Grand Masters and
Outer Heads of the Order of
the Ordo Templi Orientis

Aleister Crowley's Literary Executors


For a start: Carl Kellner never was member of the Ordo Templi Orientis

X° at the time of Theodor Reuss' death 28 October 1923: Of slightly less or doubtful provenance: NOTES:
  • Crowley is not listed above as he was expelled by Reuss in 1921 (before Crowley declared himself OHO)!

after Crowley's death in 1947:

  • Karl Johannes Germer repeatedly asserted (in writing) that HE WAS NOT the OHO. He began to do this in 1948 and three months before he died in 1962 he was still writing "I have no group or organisation".
  • Hans Rudolf Hilfiker ('heir apparent' to Reuss: never claimed the OHO)
  • Arnoldo Krumm-Heller: only claimed the OHO of the F.R.A.
  • Friedrich Mellinger, did not realise he could (was also opposed to Germer).


Excludes numerous Aleister Crowley reincarnations, other less serious claimants, and the insane. See also the discussion about the XI°.

  • John Symonds, Louis Wilkinson: The Literary Executors who, acting on verbal instructions from Crowley, were unable to prevent Germer destroying the O.T.O. in the USA as Crowley suspected he might.
  • Frieda Harris, Karl Germer: The two Executors, who together with Louis Wilkinson, acted in respect of the General property and effects in Crowley's Estate.

This is an outline from the German "Das OTO-Phaenomen" (1994) and the English "O.T.O. Rituals and Sexmagick" (1999).

National Grand Masters and Outer Heads of the Order of the Ordo Templi Orientis Aleister Crowley's Literary Executors Carl Kellner Theodor Reuss Hans Rudolf Hilfiker-Dunn Arnoldo Krumm-Heller Heinrich Traenker Charles Stansfeld Jones Carl William Hansen James Thomas Windram Frank Bennett William Henry Quilliam Czesław Czyński Hector-François Jean-Maine Joanny Bricaud Vyvyan Deacon Arturo Reghini Eduardo Frosini William Bernard Crow Wilfred Talbot Smith Hermann Joseph Metzger Karl Germer Kenneth Grant Walter Englert Jean Brayton Johannes Rider Friedrich Mellinger Frieda Harries John Symonds [Scans taken from: O.T.O. Rituals and Sexmagick — Birth and Development of the O.T.O., Amazing Maze, Structure and Practises of the O.T.O. Groups, A note to the Constitutions, the Rituals and the Instructions. (out of print)]

John Symonds Peter-Robert Koenig

Kenneth Grant Aossic Typhonian Ordo Templi Orientis
Kenneth Grant
John Symonds Aleister Crowley The Great Beast King of the Shadow Realm
John Symonds
Francis King
Francis King
Karl Johannes Germer
Karl Germer

Items of Historical Interest

In 1930, Karl Germer sent a description of the Aleister Crowley LTD. to Fernando Pessoa.
Aleister Crowley: This is the Last Will.
Karl Germer, Louis Wilkinson and Lady Frieda Harris.
National Grandmasters and OHOs of the O.T.O.

Some background information

Lawyers and Historians: The 'Caliphate' versus the Truth? — Introduction.

The Maine Decision 1984   [to the disfavour of the 'Caliphate']      |      The California Decision 1985   [to the favour of the 'Caliphate'].
Purchase of the copyrights on Aleister Crowley from the Official Receiver (OR).
The 1999 Particulars of Claim ['Caliphate'].
Financial Reports 1996-1999 of the 'Caliphate'.
Erraneous opinion on theInternational Copyright Situation. Text by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000.
What the 'Caliphate' does not want you to know. Text by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000.
Crowley's Probate. Text by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000.
'Caliphate' Capers. Text by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000. Based upon a draft by James Graeb.
Structure, Constitutions and Money. Partly written by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000.
Anonymous: Burning Down The House. 'Caliphate', Argenteum Astrum, James Wasserman, Donald Trump — Written in 2021.
Library of Congress, letter dated September 6, 2000.
2000, July: An analysis of the Bylaws of the 'Caliphate' and its Board of Directors. By James Graeb.
2000, July: Incorporation of O.T.O., Argentum Astrum and E.G.C..
2000: "Caliphate-O.T.O. Win" and the The Writing on the Wall. Text by Anthony Naylor before he lost his case against the 'Caliphate' in 2000.
Court Order of October 2000.
James T. Graeb, co-founder and IX° of the 'Caliphate', a lawyer, calls the 'Caliphate' a "Puppet Show Piece" and files suit vs William Breeze, William Heidrick, Marcus Jungkurth et alii in 2001.
The 2002 Ruling.
The Summary so far.

Ordo Templi Orientis - Trade Mark - Starfire Publishing Limited.

Some Things

Court Case Hermann Joseph Metzger vs Walter Englert in the 1970s.
1991 Opinion of a German prosecuting attorney's office on the body of the 'Caliphate'. Erfahrungsbericht eines O.T.O.-Mitglieds im Zusammenhang mit dem Gerichtsprozess 'Caliphat' gegen Hänssler-Verlag, 1990. Unsuccessfull attempt in Yugoslavia.
Censorship in the UK.
The 'Caliphate' Book Patrol: Fahrenheit 418.
Paul Joseph Rovelli versus the 'Caliphate', New York January 2000.
1998, July 17 - 2000 October Austrian situation on Copyrights     [German and English].
Trademark O.T.O.. By Leslie Anne Childress.
2007 'Caliphat' Kasino in Deutschland. English translation: 2007 'Caliphate' Casino. 2008: Honesty is the best Policy: 'Caliphate' O.T.O. / William Breeze lost in a legal case. Deutsche Version: Ehrlich währt am Längsten: Warum der O.T.O. gegen P.R. Koenig verlor.

Other Background

The 'Caliphate'.
Discussion about the instrument of succession. An introduction to the background, followed by a transcript of this discussion.
Minutes of the 11 IX°s 'Caliphate' election in 1985 where it was clearly said that the 'Caliph' is not the juro OHO.
Playgame of an O.T.O.-Fatamorgana — Statistics, Censorship, Name Dropping. 2011. Gaps in the Script of Esotericism: Hypocrisy and Hypercrisis – Oscar Wilde: Ambition is the last resort of failure.
Fetish, Self-Induction, Stigma and Rôleplay. 2011.

More about all this in: Andreas Huettl and Peter-R. Koenig: Satan - Jünger, Jäger und Justiz

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