Ordo Templi Orientis in Italy
Part of the following information on the Italian scene has been partly
compiled and translated from the letters of Massimo Introvigne. Signor
Introvigne is Director of the 'Centre for Studies on New Religions'
(CESNUR) in Turin.  His approach has given him
unprecedented access to many of the protagonists in the field of 'new
religions'.  He organises yearly conferences on an
international level, at which academics from the whole world make
appearences and give lectures.  In 1990, Signor Introvigne
published his book "Il Cappello del Mago" through a Milanese press,
 in which he quoted from the present author's articles on the O.T.O.
in "Nuit-Isis" magazine, and a draft version of the present work, on
various pages. As a result he was proposed as an "Honorary Member" of
the 'Caliphate', an offer which not surprisingly, he rejected. The
sequel to his first boook was called "Il ritorno dello gnosticismo",
and was published at Varese in 1993.
Below article was published in 1994. Information on the events between
1994 and 2000 in Der O.T.O. Phaenomen RELOAD
In 1978 Michael Paul Bertiaux sent a Charter to
Nevio Viola, "Solomon Phallos-Naaos-Lucifer I" who lived in Trieste [further details below].
Viola then organised the O.T.O., and an outer circle, which he dubbed
'Corrente 93 - Societá Pansophia per la Nuova Era' [this organisation
had nothing to do with Heinrich Tränker's
Pansophy]. In 1982 the Spaniard Manuel C.
Lamparter "Tau Baphomet X°" appointed Viola as representative for
the OTOA in Italy, since Bertiaux's Charter only covered the O.T.O. In 1983
[1988?] following health problems, Viola made Roberto Negrini
"Moloch-Solomon-Phallos-Naaos-Lucifer II" his successor in the O.T.O.,
OTOA, Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica (Latina), Astrum Argenteum, 'La
Couleuvre Noire', Illuminati d'Italia and Fraternitas Rosicruciana
Antiqua [?], while the Rite of Memphis-Misraim was first chartered to
Negrini on 25.9.1988. Negrini is a remarkable personality; under the
"alias" of "Roberto Lotario di Chiaravalle" he conducted two sex-magic
rituals in public on 10.10.1989 - on Italian television's Canale 5.
However, 'Corrente 93' suffered an increasing number of schisms. Viola
wanted to win back Negrini's position for himself, while Negrini saw
his 1988 Charter as irreversible; Bertiaux chose to keep well out of
all these disputes.
'Corrente 93' now being defunct, some of its members in Trieste
decided to transfer their loyalties to one 'Frank G. Ripel' (Mr.
Perilli), who led the 'Associazione Orion' amongst others, and wrote
explicitly about sex-magic
(Ripel in an Email dated 8 January 2002: "If you do not provide,
within seven days, to cancel the phrase: "Corrent 93' now being defunct, some of its members in
Trieste decided to transfer their loyalties to one 'Frank G. Ripel'...")
I'll declare and will write that you are a guy that, consciously,
propagate false informations on my person...a mystifier!"); in southern Italy he worked with the
'Societa Psicofísica di Studi Metapsichici' under Giuseppe Ierace, a
neurologist. (Ripel in an Email dated 8 January 2002: "If you do not provide to correct or to cancel the phrase: "in southern
Italy he worked with the 'Societ… Psicofisica di Studi Metapsichici'
under Giuseppe Ierace, a neurologist." within seven days, I'll declare
and will write that you are a guy that, consciously, spreads
false informations on my person...a mystifier.").
Negrini continued the O.T.O. and OTOA with over a hundred
members, but his attacks on the Catholic church and his habit of
quoting Nietzsche and Hitler caused many of them to resign... No
notice is taken of the 'Caliphate' in Italy; here people identify
exclusively with Negrini, Crowley, and the O.T.O. The 'Caliphate' yet
again threatened to take legal steps.
The most recent gossip is that Bertiaux has expelled Negrini from the
O.T.O. and OTOA (because of the row over his TV antics).
So far as the F.R.A. is concerned, there are two groups in Italy. One
is led by Negrini in Bologna, who claimed to have received the F.R.A. from
Bertiaux and Lamparter (if the dispute between Viola and Negrini had in
fact continued, presumably both groups would have been annexed)
[Bertiaux is definitely not associated with the business of FRA
Charters]. The other group calls itself the 'Grupo Prometeo-Agape', and
is run by Paolo Fogagnolo in Milan; he was a former member of an Italian terrorist group (Lo Muscio Brigade) (but refused by the Red
Brigades terrorists), and had been converted to occultism in prison.
Fogagnolo had a Charter from the Colombian Gabriel Ramirez Cifuentes.
The authority of H.J. Metzger and Ana Delia González is rejected; instead
a link was maintained with Swinburne Clymer's Rosicrucians in Panama...
Moreover, Fogagnolo was the cause of an immense rumpus in the Italian esoteric
scene, when he publicised the sex-magical rituals of Giuliano Kremmerz
in 1988. Apparently to susidise the exhorbitant legal and lawyer's fees
for his court case, Fogagnolo always sold his Centro
Agape's publications at the highest prices. Besides this, Fogagnolo
also owned a back-dated OTOA Charter from Lamparter.
Negrini laid claim to the Gnostic and Illuminati succession of
Bertiaux (who appears to have initiated Nevio Viola through the post,
and later Negrini), as well as that of Lamparter.
Viola now retained the Italian branch of the OTOA under the ægis of
Courtney Willis and Lamparter. Negrini, who was planning something
called a 'Draconian Academy', kept the O.T.O. (but not the OTOA),
together with 'La Couleuvre Noire' and the Bertiaux-succession to the Gnostic
Church, which he Christianised as the 'Ecclesia Gnostica Sideralis' -
meanwhile Fogagnolo was able to maintain good relationships with both
the other camps, and kept the F.R.A.
Negrini accepted the "Book of the Law", Viola only partially. The
'Caliphate' did not recognise any of these people as 'true' O.T.O.
members. For a long time, Viola sought to develop the O.T.O. as a
pre-Crowleyan organisation, and to that end allegedly being granted a
Charter from Bertiaux's European representative, and inaugurating
contact with Metzger.
End of Massimo Introvigne's contribution in 1990.
Additions to Signor Introvigne's Account 
The aforementioned Giuseppe Ierace "Sokaris Palladius Merlin 777"
(Order journal "Sixtrum") tried over the course of time to make contact
with every possible organisation, so that he could at least put their
titles on his headed notepaper. In 1986 his O.T.O., the 'Mysteria
Mediterranea', drew up a "Charter of Friendness and Co-operation" for
the Ordo Saturni.
On 12.11.1986 his intricate Charter was ornamented with: "Mysteria Mystica Mediterranea, Societas
Psychosophica in Italia + Fraternitas Sive Ordo Saturni + Italicus Typhonianus Ordo +
...Memphis e Misraim... AASSR, OTO, Societas Rosicruciana Antiqua,
Ordine degli Illuminati e dell'Ekklesia Gnostica Spiritualis", and
Ierace signed it as the "Calabrian Caliphate." 
30.9.1978: Bertiaux made Viola an XI°, which (or so Bertiaux said) was
equivalent to the Diaconate of the Ecclesia Gnostica Spiritualis.
On 1.1.1979 Viola received a book signed by Bertiaux, in which he was
addressed as 33°, 90° and 97°. On 11.5.82 Viola stated to follow
Lamparter. Now imaginary Illuminati and other Gnostic titles came into
7.6.1982: Lamparter recognised Viola (still in 'Corrente 93') as I°,
X°, and XVI° of the OTOA in Italy,  even though Lamparter
possessed no authority for this. In this year Lamparter formed
alliances with W.W. Webb, Kenneth Grant, and
Zivorad Mihajlovic Slavinski in
Yugoslavia. On 21.3.88 various Gnostic titles were transferred by
Viola to Lamparter. There was even an undated X° [!] title that went
to Spain from Viola's fertile imagination.
4.9.1983: Viola bestowed the dignities of the X° (O.T.O.) and XVI°
(OTOA) on Roberto Negrini (also known as Robert Klartal).
25.9.1988: Viola made Negrini his successor. The list of his titles
alone took up four A4 pages!
9.10.1988: Negrini exposed the above-mentioned [?] Charter as
3.3.1989: Bertiaux accepted Negrini as Viola's successor.
8.9.1989: Viola's OTOA was recognised by Courtney Willis.
"I never issued a charter to Mr Negrini... Nevio Viola is my true rep.
in Italy" (Bertiaux on February 4th 1990).
"I wrote him... that he [Negrini] was not an OTOA member"
(Lamparter on 25.2.90).
On 1.11.89 Lotario Roberto Negrini di Chiaravallo founded
his 'Akkademia Pan-Sophica Alpha Draconis'. 
Viola died in April 1993. Negrini took over his inheritance.
of an involved party.
Paolo Fogagnolo "Salamina, Prometeus"
16.8.1985: Permission from Lamparter to found OTOA Lodges.
3.9.1986: Initiation into the Athens 'Chevaliers du Christ' Martinist
Lodge, by Tr. Kotzamanis "Hieronymus". (Nothing to do with the
'Hieronymus' in FUDOESI, Émile Dantienne).
20.3.1989: Under the motto of 'Sar Voluntas Divina', Fogagnolo was
nominated as a 'Supérieur Inconnu' in Sar Hieronymus's Athenian
4.5.1989: Admission to the 'Chevaliers du Christ'/'Loge des Chevaliers
Verts' Martinist Lodge in Brussels. The resultant Charter was adorned
with an O.T.O. Lamen, and signed by Armand Toussaint "Raymond
Cifuentes from Colombia appointed Fogagnolo
(now calling himself 'Ar-Thon') as the representative for, and Grand
Master of, the OTOA in Italy. Two undated documents from Viola made
Ramirez IX° and agent of the OTOA.
After this, Ramirez Cifuentes made Fogagnolo the Italian Patriarch of
the Krumm-Heller Church [of which Ramirez Cifuentes was only
4.11.1990: Fogagnolo became national Italian Grand Master of the
'Orient Universel des Rites Traditionnels' through Kotzamanis, who was
now also functioning as the Greek branch of Memphis-Misraim - from
which Fogagnolo received on the same day, the 33°, 90°, 95°, and the
higher 90°, 95° 96° [!] and the 33°.
Ramirez Cifuentes then furnished Fogagnolo with the three lowest F.R.A.
degrees, and made him a bishop by post. Fogagnolo appointed Ramirez to
the 90° and 95° on 21.3.90.
18.1.1991: Fogagnolo became a bishop in the Church of Antioch, through
the laying-on of hands by the aforementioned 'Hieronymus'.
In the spring of 1991 Lamparter back-dated a Charter to June 26th
1989, and made Fogagnolo 33°, 90°, 96° (from which Lamparter got the MM
90° and 95° degrees for himself in autumn 1991!).
Paris en Printemps
"At the end of the 1970's, a certain Bernard Fréon-Montenay created in
Paris the Ordo Argenteum Astrum, the QBLH group, the Fraternité
Hermetique du Dragon Lunaire, as well as an OTO Lodge. At first he
tried to get recognition out of the Caliphate OTO, and then had
pretensions to a link with the OTO Antiqua [in 1983]. Later it
seems that this group became the Ordre des Anges de l'Apocalypse.' 
To this William W. Webb, head of the QBL Alchemist Church, and his own
Argenteum Astrum stated: "In regard Bernard Fréon. In 1980 he wrote
me... then I did not hear from him until 1988... he had gone out of his
mind... (he was Nuts)."  In any case, Motta had named Fréon
in his roll of dishonour. 
Fogagnolo in Italy kept up a relationship with the French
Order-enthusiast and collector Christian Bouchet, a member of the
French section of the 'Caliphate'.
Bouchet had received an MM Charter from Lamparter on June 24th 1991, which was apparently intended to
"Fuck the Caliphate" in copyright matters. Consequently Bouchet now
proclaimed the National French Grand Lodge of the Krumm-Hellerian
O.T.O., disregarding the fact that his Charter from Lamparter was
wholly inadequate for this purpose, as it conferred no O.T.O. titles.
As Lamparter had first got hold of the Memphis-Misraim degrees in the
autumn of 1991, the MM degrees Bouchet provided him with were null and
void. Bouchet also seems to have been mixed up in the murky world of
neo-fascism; on October 1st 1991 he was expelled from the far-right
'Troisième Voie' ['Third Way'] political movement by Jean-Gilles
Malliarakis.  Afterwards he founded the 'Nouvelles Résistances'
political organisation in Nantes. 
Bouchet's friend Remi Boyer (allegedly an adviser to the French
Ministry of Justice)  founded a group called the 'Cercle
d'Alexandrie', which dedicated itself not [for once] to ritual
practices, but to theoretical studies, such as forming a collection. It
is not entirely clear whether this organisation was identical with a
so-called 'Thebe Group', although the same members appear in both.
Among the motley crew who made up this circle, there could be found
not only 'serious' researchers, like Serge Caillet (of Memphis-Misraim)
or Robert Amadou (priest in the Église Syrienne, and a frequent guest
of the weightier Freemasons in Zurich), but also such illustrious
personages as the elixir of life merchant Jean-Pierre Giudicelli de
Cressac Bachelerie (of Memphis-Misraim in Nice),  or Jean-Pascal
Ruggiu (of the 'Golden Dawn' in Paris!),  and so forth. At one
stage, Boyer apparently tried to obtain an F.R.A. Charter.
In the autumn of 1991 Fogagnolo severed his links with the Frenchmen,
since as a radical left-winger he found these gentlemen to be
"fascistoid". Fogagnolo's 'Agape-Prometeo' group was involved in the
"revolutionary political fight for Spiritual communism." 
Even so the Buddhist Master Namkhai Norbu, who was recognised by the Dalai
Lama, frequented Fogagnolo's group. 
Correction in the above mentioned Re-Collection
of an involved party.
Boyer rejected the accusation of "fascistoid" activity, and countered
that anyway Fogagnolo's F.R.A. Charter had been conferred under the
condition that it was worked according to the Marxist and revolutionary
line of the Italian Agape group.  At all events, Lamparter had
had quite enough of the French, and broke off all contact "as I am
very disappointed with occultists, esoterists, orders and fraternities, the
most of them being lunatic, dogmatic, swindlers, paranoiac, egoistic,
ignorant, etc." 
In 1992 Courtney Willis of the American OTOA engendered disputes in
Europe, since he refused to recognise a number of Bertiaux's Charters.
Though Bertiaux was his chief, he stayed silent.
Julijan Naskov ran the OTOA and 'Couleuvre
Noire' in Yugoslavia. There were strained relationships with Zihorad Mihajlovic who had
been personally initiated by Bertiaux. On February 22nd 1990 Israel
Regardie (Crowley's erstwhile secretary) referred Naskov to the
O.T.O.'s "European representative" - "Our good friend" Hermann Joseph
Metzger, no less. Naskov visited Metzger in Switzerland but when Naskov dropped
the name of Marcelo Ramos Motta, Metzger rudely
chased him away.
Notes to Chapter Eighteen of "Das O.T.O. Phänomen", 1994
- The author also gave several lectures at CESNUR conferences.
- Reader's letter in "AHA" April 1992, p. 76.
- For instance, the present study's author lectured on the Ordo
Saturni in London in March 1993, and on Krumm-Heller at Recife in
Brazil in May 1994; also in Rome, at Cefalu and ...
- Published in French as "La Magie", Paris 1993.
- Primary sources not referenced.
- This Charter may be studied along with many other such
documents in "Materialien zum OTO".
- "Instrumentum" Vol. VI Nº 2, p. 5.
- "Daimon" Nº 0 dated 21.3.90, p. 7.
- Christian Bouchet, letter of 29.7.89.
- Webb, letter of 10.11.89.
- Motta: "Sex and Religion", Nashville 1981, p. xiv.
- "Mise au Point", circular dated 21.9.91.
- "Vouloir" Nº 94-96, 1992. Bouchet wrote of a political conference
in London, and also about Crowley, pp. 22 & 30.
- Boyer, letter of 30.11.91.
- Letters of 22.7. and 9.9.91.
- "Mages & Magies" Nº 0, France 1991, p. 13.
- Letter to the editors of "AHA" of 6.5.92, unpublished.
- "Ascesi" Nº 1 p. 15, and Nº 2 p. 29. Political and further
new-age associations in "Ascesi" Nº 5.
- Letter of 30.11.91. Other members were Francesca Gargano and
- Lamparter, letter of 13.1.92.
Translated and adapted from a chapter on the O.T.O. Protagonists in
"Das O.T.O.-Phänomen" (1994) by Mark Parry-Maddocks — German original
More on the Italian O.T.O. Scene in "Der OTOA-Reader"
To the other chapters of the English online version of "The O.T.O. Phenomenon" book
Aleister Crowley: Biografia.
Spermo-Gnosis – Magia sessuale.
Il feticcio, l’auto-induzione, lo stigma, il gioco di ruolo.
La versione play-game di un O.T.O.-Fatamorgana.
Ordo Templi Orientis — I primi anni e la sua evoluzione.
Breve storia dell'Ordo Templi Orientis.
In latino: De destillatione "suci mulieris" ad servandam valetudinem magi
e GOTOS busto in Italia.
Considerare l'O.T.O. inesistente.
In english: Ordo Templi Orientis in Italy.
Aleister Crowley: un mago a Cefalù.
Marco Pasi: Aleister Crowley e la tentazione della politica.
Marco Pasi: Lo yoga in Aleister Crowley.
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The Templar's Reich - The Slaves Shall Serve. Aleister Crowley - Ordo Templi Orientis - Fraternitas Saturni - Theodor Reuss - Hanns Heinz Ewers - Lanz von Liebenfels - Karl Germer, Arnoldo Krumm-Heller - Martha Kuentzel - Friedrich Lekve - Hermann Joseph Metzger - Christian Bouchet - Paolo Fogagnolo - James Wasserman.
More about all this in: Andreas Huettl and Peter-R. Koenig: Satan - Jünger, Jäger und Justiz
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Smoke gets in your Aiwass, I and II
Regarding Aleister Crowley's antidemocratic, racist and misanthropic writings, followers point out: "The reason [...] aspects of Thelema are omitted [in public discussion] indicates the actual problem with presenting Thelema as a religion and attempting to get Thelema sanctioned by the government or approved by the public: Thelema is ultimately in contrast to and transgressive of normative society. Thelema rejects the morals and values of normative society and acts to transgress and violate these norms. From the inclusion of intoxicants in ritual, to the positive view of sexuality, which frequently is seen as promoting promiscuity, to the pro–authoritarian and Nietzschian aspects of Thelema, normative society has much to reject in Thelema and conversely, Thelema encourages its adherents to reject most aspects of normative society.". "Journal of Thelemic Studies", 1;2, 2008, page 40. See The Templar's Reich.