Ordo Templi Orientis Phenomenon
Alphonse Wallen, Theodor Reuss, Carl William Hansen, Ben Kadosh, Hermetic Brotherhood of Light, Joanny Bricaud, Eduardo Frosini, Grunddal Sjallung, Ordo Templi Orientis, Aleister Crowley, Marc Lully, Theosophical Society, Pelle Bull, Per Jorgensen, Eugen Grosche, Heinz Bolke, Swiss Abbey of Thelema, H.J. Metzger, Caliphate
O.T.O. in Denmarkby P.R. Koenig
Hansen was born on 11 October 1872 in Copenhagen. In
1898 he was initiated into the Order of the Martinists by the
Baron Alphonse Wallen. The 'Wiener Freimaurerzeitung' ["Vienna Freemasonic
Newspaper"] issue 2 and 7/8 from 1929 reported that Hansen
received the 32° sometime in 1906. In 1917 Hansen had advanced
to become the Danish representative and chief of the
Martinists for Denmark.
On the 3 September 1921 Theodor Reuss made Carl William Hansen (Ben Kadosh) the X° of the O.T.O. for Denmark.
In 1923 C.W. Hansen activated his authority as
Delegate of the Order of the Martinists from the charter he
had received from Joanny Bricaud to found the "Grand Orient de la vraie et haute Maçonnerie esoterique et gnostique du Danmark". He founded the lodge "Sphinxen" which only worked for one year, it was
here where he met his future successor, Grunddal Sjallung (1895-1976). Hansen dissolved the lodge in the summer of 1924 he received a 33° charter from the "Grande Oriente Italiano degli Antichi ed Accetati Muratori, Zenith di
Roma", via Eduardo Frosini who had been a member of Reuss' MM in Italy. Frosini was a collaborator of Arturo Reghini who exchanged charters of a "Ritus Philosophicus Italicus" with Aleister Crowley in 1913. It was Frosini who sent the Reuss-rituals to Hansen. Frosini also sent MM and a "Order of Illuminati" charter to Hansen.
Hansen went on and founded a new Grand Orient, called "Den Danske Stor-Orient af gamle og antagne frie Murere" (The Danish Grand Orient of Ancient and Accepted Free Masons). Soon after the formation Hansen made Sjallung a Magus Cancellarius 33°, 95°, IX°. The Order worked according to Reuss' constitution. After some time the members were becoming more and more puzzled by the "irregularity" of the masonic body of the Order they were in and the Grand Treasurer General at the time made things much more complex having made off with the financial takings in 1928. A meeting was held on 14 April 1929 and a new Order was constituted. The newly formed Grand Lodge called itself a "Frimurerlauget" and stated that it would regularize itself.
In 1930 Hansen became unpopular in the Lodge, he resigned only a few days before he was going to be thrown out. He moved his O.T.O. and his various other Orders to elsewhere, founding his 12th creation: the lodge "The Three Points".
Carl William Hansen died on 3 August 1936 from a heart-attack. Grunddal Sjallung continued his work. When he took over Hansen's O.T.O. he also took the title of Rex Supremus corresponding with Aleister Crowley (in August 1938) and re-writing the initiation rituals. Nevertheless, Sjallung's version of the O.T.O. was never of the Crowleyan type.
Crowley remarked in his diary: "'Strangers, indeed!"
Sjallungs successor was a certain Johannsen who seemingly corresponded with Marc
Lully of the O.T.O.A. and President of a Chicago Theosophical Society lodge. When Johannsen died in 1977, Pelle Bull (Per Jorgensen) who corresponded with the son-in-law of Eugen Grosche, Heinz Bolke continued the Danish branch of the O.T.O. Later in 1976 Pelle, his wife and two children visited the Swiss Abbey of Thelema under H.J.
Metzger. But Metzger's O.T.O. which only accepted regular Masons, did not recognize Pelle's