Ordo Templi Orientis Phenomenon
Alphonse Wallen, Theodor Reuss, Carl William Hansen, Ben Kadosh, Hermetic Brotherhood of Light, Joanny Bricaud, Eduardo Frosini, Grunddal Sjallung, Ordo Templi Orientis, Aleister Crowley, Marc Lully, Theosophical Society, Pelle Bull, Per Jorgensen, Eugen Grosche, Heinz Bolke, Swiss Abbey of Thelema, H.J. Metzger, Caliphate
O.T.O. in Denmarkby P.R. Koenig
On 3 September 1921 Theodor Reuss made Carl William Hansen (Ben Kadosh)
the X° for Denmark. |
Hansen was born on 11 October 1872 in Copenhagen. In 1898 he has been initiated into the Order of the Martinists by the Baron Alphonse Wallen. In 1906 he became a 32°. In 1917 Hansen advanced to become Danish Delegate of the Martinists, that is their chief in Denmark.
Hansen obtained the 30° from Joanny Bricaud for the Order of the Martinists in the summer of the same year. Because Reuss did not issue rituals for the high-O.T.O.-degrees, Hansen had his members jumping directly to the IX°.
In 1923 C.W. Hansen activated his authority as Delegate of the Order of
the Martinists when he had received a charter from Joanny Bricaud to
found the "Grand Orient de la vraie et haute Maçonnerie esoterique et
gnostique du Danmark". Eventually he founded the lodge "Sphinxen" which
only worked for one year -- it was here where he met his future
successor, Grunddal Sjallung (1895-1976). Hansen dissolved the lodge
when in the summer of 1924 he received a 33° charter from the "Grande
Oriente Italiano degli Antichi ed Accetati Muratori, Zenith di Roma",
that is from Eduardo Frosini who had been a member of Reuss' MM in
Italy. Frosini was a collaborator of Arturo Reghini who exchanged
charters of a "Ritus Philosophicus Italicus" with Aleister Crowley in
1913. It was Frosini who sent the Reuss-rituals to Hansen, finally.
Frosini also sent MM- and "Order of Illuminati"-charters to Hansen.
Now Hansen founded a new Grand Orient, called "Den Danske Stor-Orient af gamle og antagne frie Murere" (The Danish Grand Orient of Ancient and Accepted Free Masons). Soon after the formation Hansen made Sjallung a Magus Cancellarius 33°, 95°, IX°. The Order worked according to Reuss' constitution. Soon, the members were puzzled by the "irregularity" of the masonic body of the Order they were in and the Grand Treasurer General made off with the takings in 1928. A meeting was held on 14 April 1929 and a new Order constituted. The newly formed Grand Lodge called itself a "Frimurerlauget" and stated that it would regularize itself.
In 1930 Hansen became unpopular in the Lodge, and he resigned a few days before being thrown out. He moved his O.T.O. and his various other Orders to elsewhere, founding his 12th creation: the lodge "The Three Points".
Carl William Hansen died on 3 August 1936 from a heart-attack. Grunddal
Sjallung continued his work. When he took over Hansen's O.T.O. he also
took the title of Rex Supremus corresponding with Aleister Crowley
(in August 1938) and
re-writing the initiation rituals. Nevertheless, Sjallung's version of
the O.T.O. was never Crowleyan. Crowley's remark in his diary:
Sjallungs successor was a certain Johannsen who seemingly corresponded
with Marc Lully of the OTOA and President of a
Chicago Theosophical Society lodge. When Johannsen died
already in 1977, Pelle Bull (Per Jorgensen) who corresponded with the
son-in-law of Eugen
Grosche, Heinz Bolke continued this Danish O.T.O.
Already in 1976 Pelle, his wife and two children visited the Swiss
Abbey of Thelema under H.J. Metzger. But because Metzger's O.T.O. only
accepted regular Masons, Pelle's Danis O.T.O. was not recognized then.